The United Nations Security Council in Resolution 2245 adopted on 09 November 2015 established the United Nations Support Office in Somalia (UNSOS). This replaced the United Nations Support Office for AMISOM (UNSOA), established in 2009.
United Nations Security Council Resolution 2472 decides that UNSOS will be responsible for support to AMISOM, UNSOM, the Somalia Security Forces (SSF) and the Somalia Police Force (SPF) on joint operations with AMISOM
(a) The provision of rations, fuel, water, accommodation and infrastructure, maintenance services including all partner donated and partner owned equipment jointly recognized as being required by the African Union, the United Nations and the TCC, all key equipment such as armoured personnel carriers (APCs) and engineering equipment to be maintained at an operational ready rate of 75% or above, medical support, aviation, strategic communications, explosive hazard management capacities (including mitigation strategies) and strategic personnel and equipment movements;
(b) The reimbursement of contingent owned equipment, considered owned by the Troop Contributing Country, in line with United Nations rates and practices including through Letters of Assist, with the understanding that eligible equipment shall be limited to equipment jointly recognized as required by the African Union, the United Nations and the TCC and be subject to periodic reviews by UNSOS to ensure full operational capability and that the equipment is fit for purpose;
(c) The reimbursement of basic and essential supplies and services required to allow AMISOM contingents to sustain themselves, taking into account the operational tempo of AMISOM’s operations and other relevant factors, and including catering equipment and training to ensure safe preparation of rations, VHF/UHF, HF, telephone and TETRA communications; sanitary and cleaning materials; furniture and stationery; and tactical tentage, decides that reimbursements will be limited to these categories, be in line with United Nations standards, rates and practices and subject to periodic reviews by UNSOS to ensure full provision, and further decides that where a TCC is unable to provide the necessary sustainment required by the United Nations and the African Union in the categories above, limited support in lieu of reimbursement will be provided to ensure basic and minimum standards;
(d) Support the efforts of the African Union and AMISOM in the coordination of support to AMISOM among bilateral partners and the United Nations and maintenance of, and quarterly reporting to the Council as well as donors on, a United Nations Trust Fund to provide financial support to AMISOM;
(e) The provision of the standard range of mission support services to UNSOM in support of the delivery of its mandate, including support to strengthen its presence in all capitals of Interim Regional Administrations in accordance with paragraph 24 of resolution 2232 (2015);
Supporting Somalia Security Forces
(f) In addition to material and other support provided by bilateral partners to Somalia security forces, the UN has provided non-lethal logistics support to up to 10,900 SNA members on an exceptional basis since November 2013. In July 2018, the Council adjusted this to include up to 10,900 SSF members who are formally part of the National Security Architecture and on joint operations with AMISOM.
Supporting the Somalia Police Force
(g) In 2015, through resolution 2245, the Security Council authorised the provision, on an exceptional and cost recovery basis, of in-theatre medical evacuation for the Somali Police Force (SPF) on joint operations with AMISOM and where they are a part of AMISOM’s overall strategic concept. This is applied to SPF members injured in the line of duty in areas of operation where similar support is provided to AMISOM and the SNA.